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Tourist Attractions in Chile
The almost absolute water scarcity and high evaporation, a very low humidity and crystal skies with a strong solar radiation, are some of the conditions that make the Atacama Desert the most arid on the planet. An endless expanse of rock formations, rocks and sand form a breathtaking landscape, but extremely dry and desolate. Located in the north Chile covers 600 kilometers and extends from Arica to Copiapo. Their extreme weather conditions can be explained because the average rainfall varies between 0.1 and 10 millimeters a year, and temperatures reach 45° C during the day and minus 10°C at night. No plants or trees, and there are few animals able to survive their extreme temperatures. However, once a year, everything changes. In late August, the Atacama Desert is covered with bright colored flowers in an amazing phenomenon that tourists from around the world come to admire: the famous “Flowery Desert”, a natural wonder that germinates very occasionally due to moisture "Camanchaca" penetrate the arid coastal desert.
Valparaiso & Viña del Mar
Valparaiso is a unique city, 120 km. west of Santiago, where 45 hills form a natural amphitheater overlooking the harbor and the ocean, while its narrow plain by the sea, some streets run parallel to the coastline and other zigzagging up and down the hills. Valparaiso scenery include a multitude of narrow passages, long stairways, balconies and houses that look like they will fall into the abyss and the hand from old elevators that descend and ascend the steep slopes. For attending tourists there are restaurants, cafes, pubs and guesthouses in the hills surrounding the city downtown. In terms of urban infrastructure Valparaiso is well known as an international port that has a transatlantic terminal.
One of Valparaiso great attractions is the historic downtown, declared World Heritage Site in 2003. The city has been a place of inspiration for painters and poets, including Pablo Neruda, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971. One of Neruda homes, "La Sebastiana", a museum, embraces the environment and the work of this great poet. For the bohemian, the city has a lively nightlife around bars, restaurants, pubs, nightclubs and dance halls. Beginning in late December its streets are flooded by artistic and cultural activities. Neighbor to Valparaiso is Viña del Mar, known as "Garden City", with its beaches, urban attractions, casino games and the International Song Festival.
The southern zone of country, geography and nature emerge from the most extreme and spectacular conceivable form with decorated rugged landscapes: a concert of pristine forests, grasslands, islands, fjords, channels, rushing rivers, lakes, hot springs, majestic ancient ice and glaciers. It is an area of extinct cultures, old ranches and great explorers. It is the Chilean Patagonia, which covers the province of Palena, the Lakes Region, the Region of Aysen and Magallanes. It is an area where lakes, ponds, rivers and streams are presented with an unparalleled degree of purity. Southernmost area of magical geography, extreme nature of thick Magellanic forests, lakes over whose waters reflect the imposing Torres del Paine lakes with icebergs, impressive glaciers up to 75 meters tall.
43% of the surface of the Chilean Patagonia consists of protected areas, under the existence of biological diversity undisturbed by man, with native species of flora and fauna of special scientific interest or recreational and geological sites natural and relevant from the standpoint of scenic, cultural or scientific: the Laguna San Rafael National Park, a favorite place liners for its scenic beauty, and other parks with similar characteristics such as: the Bernardo O'Higgins, Alberto De Agostini Cape Horn Francisco Coloane Marine Park, located on the island Carlos III, where you can watch whales, and Torres del Paine National Park, one of the most visited by foreign tourists, declared World Biosphere Reserve.
Torres del Paine National Park
Great beauty and walking paths that travel through different landscapes of plains, thick Magellanic forests, lakes with icebergs and glaciers, all surrounded by huge rocky masses that characterize the silhouette of the Torres del Paine. And beech forests give shelter to huemules, ñirre, condors, ñandúes (South American ostrich) and guanacos. The park is located in the Magallanes Region, whose capital, Punta Arenas, is located 3,090 km. south of Santiago an approximately 4 hours flight. Torres del Paine National Park has been declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO.
Easter Island National Park, also known as Rapa Nui or Te Pito o Te Henua, Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO, owes its fame to its moai, ceremonial sculptures of ancient volcanic rock in human form, with 300 ahu (ceremonial platforms) are remnants of a culture with mysteries yet to be deciphered and whose records are preserved in the museum and local library. Easter Island has a warm and pleasant weather throughout the year, with a coastline of incomparable conditions for diving, due to the clarity and water temperature. Instructors and dive teams provide access to the amazing underwater flora and fauna and fishing.
Local Attractions. Bio Bio Region
The lake Lleu Lleu is located in the middle of the Nahuelbuta Mountains, among native forests, agricultural grasslands, river valleys, and countryside lands. Lake Lanalhue is another beautiful lake near Contulmo, which is an interesting town that developed with the influence of German colony.
The “Laguna del Laja” National Park and the Ralco, Contulmo and Isla Mocha reserves constitute areas where several nature and outdoors activities can be done. These park/reserves preserve an abundant variety of native flora and fauna.
Ralco National Reserve: This National Reserve is located in the Andes, east of the city of Santa Barbara in the town of Alto Bío Bío. The Reserve covers 12,494 hectares, mainly covering the cone of the volcano Callaqui. In the area dominated native vegetation and fauna, can be seen the condor, and the black woodpecker Piuque. Its tourist attractions include the Rio Ralco, estuaries Quillaicahue, Loncotahue and Vilcuncura, the volcano Callaqui and lake la Mula.
Nahuelbuta National Park: Located in the high peaks of the Coastal Mountain Range, this park has an extension of 6,800 hectares. A series of endemic flora has been preserved in the park thanks to the barrier effect, generated by the mountain chain, which has formed an ecosystem of incalculable scientific value. There is a great concentration of Araucaria trees some of which are around 2000 years old. The natural look-out, Piedra del Águila (Eagle's Rock), visitors have the opportunity to contemplate the majesty of nature by observing both, the Pacific Ocean and the Andes. A line of volcanoes, extending some 400km., rises up before our eyes and allows us to observe from the Nevados de Chillan volcano, to the Villarica volcano.
Indigenous Community of Pitril: located in the Alto Biobío territory, offers the visitor the possibility to discover a place that holds a unique wealth in natural and cultural heritage. Te ancestral trails used by the Pehuenche, people of the highlands of the Andean Range are generous in local history, an also in natural landscapes, with magnificent views to the Queuco Valley, and surrounded by native forest.
Las Bravas and Ñuble National park: a unique place that maintains an outdoor tradition in the middle of untouched nature and wildlife. Considered a protected area with a vast flora and fauna diversity, The Ñuble National Reserve offers the beauty of the Andes in an area full of traditions where an authentic outdoors experience can still be enjoyed.
Laja Lake National Park: “Laguna del Laja” is located in the Andean foothills, 93 miles east of Los Angeles. This park corresponds to a mountainous area of 11,600 hectares and is 1360 meters above sea level in the Cordillera de los Andes. The Laja Volcano is one of the oldest volcanic formations in the country, which appears as a crater destroyed, on which stands the current volcanic cone of the Antuco volcano. The lava down the slopes and the water caught in the middle of the Laja River after the eruption of Antuco, in 1853, gave rise to the Laja Lake. This lake is the largest natural reservoir of the country and is considered ideal for fishing for salmon.
From north to south, we can find the Cobquecura beach, where four crags emerge in front of the sea that constitutes the habitat for a colony of sea wolves. This site was declared Sanctuary of Nature in 1992.
Down the coast, is Dichato, a beautiful beach of fine, white sands, where a great variety of aquatic sports can be performed. Visitors can taste sea products in numerous restaurants located at the bordering the coast.
Further south, between hills and plains, is the city of Tomé, where the visitor can enjoy the beaches of Bellavista and El Morro. Only 5 km from Tomé is Cocholgüe, where cliffs and mystical rock formations making this place one of the most attractive landscapes of the coast.
South of Concepción is Playa Blanca (near the city of Coronel), Laraquete, and Punta Lavapié preceding the extensive beach of Lebu, where visitors can enjoy the practice of water sports and discover beautiful landscapes. Rocky coasts, cliffs of traitorous shapes and soothing sounds give life to the “Caverna Benavides” (Benavides Cave), named after a legendary pirate that inspired numerous legends.
Mocha Island is located 35 km from the mouth of the river Tirúa. It was discovered in 1550, and then recognized in 1554 by the Italian navigator in the service of the Spanish Crown, Juan Bautista Pastene. Morphologically, can be divided into two sections, one plane, with beaches and pastures, and other inland mountainous reaching 300 meters high, covered in abundant native forest that forms the Mocha Island National Reserve, with an area of 2,368 hectares, almost half of the island. The external sector of the island has a coastline consisting of rocky reefs that prevents the approach of big ships. In the south, there are small islets that serve as home to birds and sea lions. Over 500 current inhabitants live mainly from livestock, agriculture and the extraction of marine products.
Universidad de Concepción
A large urban park of 130,000 m2, include classrooms, colleges, sports facilities and green areas consisting of beautiful gardens, trees and sculptures. Among the buildings that stand out for its rich architectural and urban style there are the Medicine Arc, the House of Art, the Central Library and the Bell Tower (recognized as the symbol of the University and the city). In the University is also found the Forum, which is a large outdoor amphitheater for performing artistic and cultural events.
Casa del Arte (House of Art)
The “Casa del Arte” was built in 1963 by the architects Cáceres and Rodríguez to house the art gallery of the University of Concepción and has the most complete and valuable collection of national paintings. In the access hall is the mural “Presencia de America Latina,” (“Presence of Latin America”) from the Mexican painter Jorge González Camarena, created between 1964 and 1965. Painted with the acrylate technique, it has a surface of 240 m² developed in a central canvas of 20 × 6 m, and two lateral canvasses of 7.6 × 6 m, and artistically integrates the stairs that lead to the second floor. The theme of the mural represents the fusion of the different races and cultures in Latin America.
Lota is located 43 km south of Concepción, with an area of 159 km2. Lota historically main productive activity was related to the exploitation of coal deposits. Today its activities are oriented to tourism and fishing area.
"Parque de Lota Isidora Cousiño" (Lota Park) where visitors are guided by authentic "Isidoras" (young ladies from Lota dressed up as in the 19th century). They will tell you the history, mysteries, and legends of this wonderful botanical garden, full of centennial trees brought by Mrs. Isidora Goyenechea during her various journeys around the world. Furthermore, you will be able to observe statues, vases, water fountains and a tropical greenhouse, which houses the breadfruit tree, species unique to the Java Island, Indonesia, and the only one in this country.
"Mina Chiflón del Diablo" (Coal mine) where you will live a unique experience in a real "Underground Safari" and feel like an authentic coal miner. The Chiflón del Diablo mine is the only mine in the world naturally ventilated, open to the public and that will take you in a guided tour to 850 meters underground and under the sea. It was opened in1868 and reached a daily coal extraction of 250 metric tons of metallurgic coal.
Bio Bio wine route.
Located in the Santa Ana vineyards, between the Bio Bio and Bureo Rivers, in the VIII region, Casa Bio Bio, an ancient southern style residence, which has recently been renovated, is the best place to relax, enjoy the best food and get impressed with the beautiful landscapes. This area of the Bio Bio, located between latitudes 37 and 38 south, belongs to the Chilean most southern vineyard, which due to its own and distinctive characteristics for grape cultivation, allows the wines to be modern, with a refreshing personality, aromatic, frank, and with a unique character. Casa Bío Bío is a new concept in oenological tourism, which emphasizes respect for the environment and generates unique travel experiences focusing on wine. This house is in the Fundo Santa Ana, in Negrete, 20 km from the coast of Los Angeles.
Termas de Chillán, Spa Resort
This Resort is located around 80 km from the city of Chillán. This beautiful resort and its facilities are immersed in an environment composed by exuberant vegetation, and the impressive mountain chain, which presents volcanoes covered with snow all year round. This is the perfect place where everything merges: skiing, relaxing, hot springs water and great hospitality.
Las Trancas Valley
Las Trancas Valley, located 70 km from Chillán city, 1200 m.a.s.l., and 5 km from Termas de Chillán, is a calm mountain village, with a privileged location. At the feet of the mountain chain of the Andes, this beautiful mountain settlement is immersed in an environment composed by exuberant vegetation, and the impressive mountain chain, which presents, all the year round, volcanoes covered with snow. Las Trancas Valley, crossed by the rivers Chillán, Diguillín and Renegado, it is the departure point to know beautiful places, as well as, impressive waterfalls, thousand-year-old native forests, lagoons and a unique place that offers a deep sight of the whole valley with the impressive mountains and volcanoes.
Environmental Science Center EULA - Chile
Universidad de Concepción P.O. BOX 160-C / Concepción - Chile
Phones: +56 (41) 2204073 / +56 (41) 2204002 / Fax:(41) 2207076 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org